Residual Income Valuation Model
This note explains the residual income valuation model (RIM), how it relates to "traditional" valuation models, the intuition behind its use, and empirical research related to its value relevance. RIM is theoretically equivalent to the dividend discount model and the discounted free cash flow model. However, it expresses future cash flows to equity in terms of accounting measures of capital (e.g., book value of equity) and performance (e.g., return on equity). Implementing the RIM requires forecasting the amount of expected future "economic profits," which depends on how business strategy plays out in the context of industry competitive dynamics, effective management of financial capital, and governance.
- 2022 HBS
Choosing a Book Format
EPUB is the standard publishing format used by many e-book readers including iBooks, Easy Reader, VoiceDream Reader, etc. This is the most popular and widely used format.
DAISY format is used by GoRead, Read2Go and most Kurzweil devices.
Audio (MP3) format is used by audio only devices, such as iPod.
Braille format is used by Braille output devices.
DAISY Audio format works on DAISY compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream.
Accessible Word format can be unzipped and opened in any tool that supports .docx files.